Liano is produced from the Sangiovese Grosso vineyards that extend over the property of the same name. These vineyards, averaging 15-20 years old, are in a higher position than other vineyards and grow on clay-rich soils, whose distinctive substrates contribute to a firm structure in red wines. Podere Liano affords an ideal aspect to its vineyards, with exposure to the sun from dawn to sundown.
Podere Liano is planted to Sangiovese, Sangiovese Grosso, and Cabernet Sauvignon.
This extensive property yields, in addition to Yemula, Liano and Laurento.
The 2014 winter was mild and rainy, with temperatures that rarely dipped below 0°C, but spring delivered higher temperatures, which brought forward budbreak. The beginning of summer, on the other hand, was marked by heavy rains, which delayed veraison and ripening, and the entire summer was one of the rainiest in recent decades. Thanks, however, to vineyard operations aimed at ventilating and exposing the clusters, to early suckering, leaf-pulling, and manual cluster-thinning, we were successful in coaxing the grapes to perfect ripeness and health. The sun in September and October, combined with ventilating breezes and wide day-night temperature differentials, finally ensured the achievement of what we had been working for: outstanding fruit. Harvesting started in the second week of September and concluded in early October. Thanks to careful quality selection and to endless grape samplings and analyses, we were able to bring in exceptional clusters.
Appearing a lovely, deep red, Liano 2014 is an impressive, full-bodied wine of significant refinement. The nose is redolent of sweet fruit, with cherry, plum, and wild red berry in abundance, beautifully complemented by notes of vanilla and toasty oak from barrel-ageing. The progression on the palate is admirably multi-layered, with pronounced tannins bolstering the wine’s considerable weight and firm structure. Equally impressive is its full-flavoured, near-endless finish.
The first months of the year were among the rainiest and snowiest of the last 50 years. Spring was cold, and it too brought heavy rain, particularly in April and May. The second third of April marked the beginning of the vine growth cycle, and flowering took place in the second third of May. After a brief parenthesis of heat in the latter half of June, temperatures then plunged and the rains returned, slowing down physiological development. The last third of July and the first of August, though, brought temperatures up to around 40oC, and thus veraison speeded up. Vineyard management practices were of crucial importance in this season; suckering, cluster-thinning, and leaf-pulling made a difference from the point of view of quality, as did patiently waiting for ripening by putting off the harvest as long as possible.
Liano 2013 greets the eye with a lovely, impressively deep colour, and an exceptionally fine nose, clean-edged, precise, pleasurable. Appealingly spicy notes of clove, cinnamon, and black pepper partner with delicious fruit– red and black forest berry, both fresh and liqueured–, while a smooth toastiness tending to chocolate and vanilla heightens the impression of overall aromatic harmony. The palate’s remarkable elegance and smooth texture immediately impress, as do a full body and perceptible yet judiciously- smooth tannins. The final components are a tangy vein of mineral and a magisterial acidity, which drive to a fully-satisfying conclusion.
The 2012 growing season was marked by a severe lack of rainfall, which combined with dangerously-low groundwater reserves from the preceding season. Apart from a very heavy snowfall, the year saw little rain, but summer temperatures exceeded 35°C, and hot winds substantially increased transpiration in the vines. Emergency irrigation made up only in part for huge water transpiration losses, so severe cluster-thinning was performed to preserve high-quality fruit,an absolute requirement for producing a great wine. The harvest started as early as mid-September and concluded in early October. The berries were small, with little juice, so overall must totals were low as well, though they certainly did not lack concentration.
Liano 2012 offers a lovely, vivacious red, while the nose is surprisingly rich and long-lingering. Herbaceous notes of wild herbs leave space for gorgeously multi-layered fruit, including well-ripened dark and red berryfruit, hints of fruit in spirits, and finally preserves and compotes, all complemented by an equally broad array of spice–black pepper, clove, and cinnamon–in the centre of the bouquet. Liano is clean-contoured, with all components beautifully on display. A taut, vibrant acidity in on centre-stage, as well as pronounced but well-distributed tannins, all contributing to a solid structure, lean and compact.
Winter rains were relatively scarce, and heavy snowfalls were not enough to completely rebuild depleted groundwater reserves. May and June brought normal temperatures but little rain, so that when a very hot summer arrived, the water supplies were in deficit. Then September and October brought extraordinarily high temperatures. Localised irrigation and heavy cluster-thinning were the only measures available to confront the difficulties of this unusual season. The harvest was one of the earliest and briefest ever: by the end of September all the grapes were in the cellar. This year’s clusters were smaller than usual, and the grapes more concentrated, which translated into a smaller crop overall and above all in a consequently lower yield in wine.
Liano 2011 is certainly a wine of significant depth and concentration, presaged by its ultra-deep, saturated colour. The fruit on the nose is constituted by emphatic dried plum and cherry preserves, flanked by smooth notes of spice and toastiness. A magisterial structure supports the palate, as well as a smooth texture that adds considerably to its pleasure. Glossy tannins and a tangy minerality drive through to a very lengthy finish.
The 2010 growing year was among the most challenging ever. A cold winter with abundant snowfall delayed bud-break almost until May, which was favoured by good spring temperatures. Those conditions did not last, causing a thermal deficit from mid-May to late June, slowing vine growth. July saw a sudden rise in temperatures, so that, combining the initial slowdown with that due to the heat in July, in August the vines were a total of some 15 days behind normal. Thanks to light leaf-pulling and cluster-thinning, which aimed at not excessively exposing the clusters to the sun, to avoid burning, the vines recovered their pace. Since levels of ripeness were not at all homogeneous, even within the same parcel, a harvest in different stages became necessary, with almost “leopard-spot” operations, picking in the various places as the grapes became ripe.
Considering the season, Liano 2010 is certainly less forceful than in previous vintages, but it gains in finesse. A deep red in appearance, it releases crisp notes of red berry, left largely intact by vanilla and spice, fruit of maturation in oak, which donates a refined hint of toastiness. That same elegance and fine balance is found on the palate as well, in the company of supple tannins, an appropriate level of acidity, and a fleshy succulence, which combine to give this wine its surprising length.
A lengthy winter brought bud-break back within the seasonal norm. May and June brought normal weather conditions, with rain alternating with lengthy periods of clear weather, leading to a July that was stable and sunny. The vines responded with vigour, necessitating quite a bit of green harvesting. Continuing hot weather and lack of rainfall required cluster-thinning in early August, in order to preserve an optimal leaf-fruit ratio. Brief applications of emergency irrigation, in particular in vineyards with the most intensive exposure to the sun, made it possible to arrive at harvest with splendid-quality fruit. Thanks to the mild autumn weather, harvest lasted into mid-October.
Liano 2009 is without doubt one of its most expressive vintages. With a near-opaque colour, it exhibits a multi-faceted nose that melds together fruit, spice, vanilla, and chocolate in perfect equilibrium. Liqueured cherries and well-integrated red berryfruit are a delicious surprise on the palate, along with the classic note of toastiness from maturation in oak.
The cold, dry winter delayed bud-break by about a week, but plentiful spring rains gave a powerful push to the vine growth, significantly increasing the need for foliar management and creating challenging conditions for fruit-set, which, however, has a positive outcome, inasmuch as the clusters were looser. From June on, conditions stabilised, with gorgeous, sunny days. Groundwater reserves were scarce, an inheritance from the very dry 2007 season, with the result that emergency irrigation was applied and heavy cluster-thinning performed to balance the vines and obtain high-quality fruit. The harvest started one week later than the previous year.
2008 yielded superbly-ripe grapes, and as a consequence Liano surprised with an ultra-saturated red, and with an ultra-concentrated bouquet of well-ripened red berry that meld beautifully into spice and vanilla. It is rich in the mouth, exhibiting stunning complexity; a magisterial relationship between acidity and silk-smooth tannins is responsible for its stylish, well-balanced development. It finishes impressively long.
2007 will be long remembered for being a hot, dry year, beginning with a mild, dry winter, which facilitated pruning operations. Conditions were thus set for a very early (15-25 days) bud-break. The vines started off well, making good use of the groundwater reserves, but the lengthy lack of rain and hot temperatures in the summer stressed them. To keep the ripening process going, heavy cluster-thinning was necessary and spraying the canopies with water during the night to revive the leaves. The harvest began some 8-10 days earlier than usual, with the objective as well of preventing excessive drops in acidity. In sum, it was a difficult season, but one of great quality fruit.
The natural concentration of the must significantly impacted the character of Liano 2007. It appears, in fact, a near-opaque red, and possesses a rich, emphatic bouquet, which ranges from notes of ripe wild red berryfruit to a cornucopia of spices, all melded into vanilla and chocolate, as in the finest praline confectionary. It exhibits power in the mouth, but a judicious acidity and silk-smooth tannins craft harmony and elegance.
Winter experienced mild temperatures and little rainfall, but the rain fell abundantly in spring, filling groundwater reserves and stimulating good vine growth. Suckering was necessary to preserve vine balance and achieve an initial reduction of the crop. Similar conditions in June as well made cluster-thinning necessary, and a repetition in early August was necessary to keep Liano’s quality high, by concentrating the vine’s ripening capability on a smaller quantity of clusters, thus encouraging and accelerating the stages of ripening and accumulation.
Liano 2006 appears, as a consequence, impressively well-balanced, with a dark, near-opaque red, and a nose that boasts emphatic well-ripened fruit well bolstered by impressions of vanilla and spice from its maturation in oak. In the mouth, it is well-balanced and complex, with an impressive structure that compromises neither of those qualities.
2005 will be remembered for its severe winter, characterised by abundant snowfalls. The low temperatures continued right to the beginning of spring, significantly delaying bud-break. July and August were fairly sunny, but with moderate temperatures of ca. 30°C, ideal for efficient photosynthesis. These spring-summer conditions favoured growth development, requiring vineyard operations that focused on hedging, cluster-thinning, and leaf-pulling.
Such mild temperatures ripened the grapes in a linear, gradual process, resulting in a Liano appearing an intense red, with pronounced aromas of red berry, melded into notes of vanilla from maturation in oak, which imparted as well hints of chocolate and spicy. Elegant, silk-sooth tannins broaden a lengthy progression.
Following two challenging seasons, 2004 was excellent, among the best in recent years and quite similar to 1997. Plentiful rains in the winter re-built groundwater reserves that had been depleted by summer 2003, which made possible a normal start to the growth cycle. Spring saw frequent rains, with below-average temperatures, delaying flowering. The summer months brought no periods of intense heat, and favourable conditions in September rewarded the decision to hold off on the start of the harvest, and the grapes reached optimal ripeness.
In terms of wine quality, 2004 was impressive, with Liano exhibiting a deep, intense red, and on the nose wild berryfruit, particularly blueberry and blackberry. The palate is notable for its progression and length, as well as a striking integration between fruit and oak.
The year was hot and dry, which brought very intense red wines, quite concentrated and with high alcohol levels. A mild spring favoured a lengthy bud-break and flowering, then a period of high pressure caused temperatures to soar across the entire Center-North. As a result, sugar accumulation increased, bringing forward the beginning of harvest by some 20 days. Some rainfall in September helped the vines escape the heavy heat stress and re-aligned somewhat the grape skin-pulp ratio, which in turn improved wine quality.
As a result of season weather conditions, Liano 2003 exhibits high concentration and generally low acidity, which translates into impressive smoothness and roundedness on the palate. The tannins are ripe, pronounced, but with a very moderate astringency.
Some have called this an annus horribilis for the red wines of Romagna, but our appropriate vineyard management practices gave us surprisingly-good results. The season started off well, but expectations were confounded by substantial rainstorms in mid-July over the entire region. The weather conditions did not help ripening and sugar accumulation, but rigorous cluster-thinning and leaf-pulling in the fruit zone allowed us in the end to bring good, healthy fruit into the cellar.
Liano 2002 boasts a deep ruby red, and complex fruit aromatics, with blackberry and redcurrant. Elegance and fine balance are the first impressions at entry, then well-rounded tannins give this wine the progression and lengthy finish that are its hallmarks.
Winter rains built up groundwater reserves, and spring saw regular development through the stages of growth. A hot summer substantially reduced risk of the main fungal attacks and the necessity of applying treatments. The heat in August concentrated the berry juice, reducing the grape-to-wine ratio. September rains restored the juice ratio and brought down temperatures; significant day-night temperature differentials resulted in fine aromas and tannins.
This vintage is characterised by excellent aromatic complexity, with notes of ripe fruit and spice nicely heightened by classic toastiness from maturation in oak. The tannins are pronounced yet delicate at the same time, giving this wine significant elegance and cellarability.
The initial stages of the growth cycle occurred normally, helped by excellent spring temperatures and full groundwater reserves. The dry summer was a positive as well, requiring very little cluster-thinning, and providential brief rains in early September re-hydrated the grapes, encouraging the final ripening stages of the late-ripening varieties, with positive impact on their tannins.
Liano 2000 is a wine of superb depth and elegance. It greets the eye with an intense, almost impenetrable red, and releases well-ripened fruit, almost fruit preserves, on the nose, which melds beautifully with subtle, never excessive, hints of toasty oak. On the palate, its structure impresses, nicely kept in balance by supple tannins, which support a long-lingering finish.
The summer was warm, but not excessive, and rains in late August-early September were welcome for late-ripening varieties such as Sangiovese and Cabernet Sauvignon. Winter rains had built up groundwater reserves, and favourable spring weather conditions brought a good bud-break. Summer heat did not stress the vine canopies, and supported nutrient transfer to the grape clusters, for a slightly early veraison. Late-August rains led us to reduce the crop slightly, in order to ensure that grape skins and pulp both ripened at the same pace.
For this vintage, Liano appears a rich, deep red, with a complex bouquet, its predominating fruit accompanied by pungent note of balsam and culminating in a subtly spicy finish. The structure is superb, with well-integrated tannins, fine volume, and a lengthy finish.
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